martedì 6 novembre 2018

Scandalo dati, sanzione per Facebook in Regno Unito: 600mila euro


La sanzione è stata inflitta dal Garante britannico per la protezione dei dati perché il social network ha lasciato che si verificasse una grave violazione della legge. Una società delle sue dimensioni e competenze avrebbe dovuto conoscere meglio la situazione e fare meglio. Facebook ha ricevuto una multa di 500.000 sterline (quasi 600.000 euro) dall'ufficio del Commissario per le informazioni sulla scia dello scandalo di Cambridge Analytica, dopo aver consentito agli sviluppatori di terze parti di accedere alle informazioni degli utenti senza un consenso sufficiente. Si tratta della cifra più alta prevista dalle regole sulla protezione dei dati attuate prima dell'entrata in vigore del GDPR.

La multa è stata comminata per il suo ruolo nel caso Cambridge Analytica, società poi chiusa, e dell'influenza avuta sul voto per l'elezione del presidente Donald Trump negli Stati Uniti. L'Ufficio del Commissario per le informazioni (ICO) - si legge in una nota - ha multato Facebook di 500.000 sterline per gravi violazioni della legge sulla protezione dei dati. A luglio, l'ICO ha emesso un avviso di intenti al social network che intendeva emettere l'ammenda massima come parte di un'ampia indagine sull'uso dell'analisi dei dati per scopi politici. Dopo aver preso in considerazione le dichiarazioni della società, l'ICO ha emesso la multa su Facebook e ha confermato che l'importo, il massimo consentito dalle leggi applicabili nel momento in cui si sono verificati gli incidenti, rimarrà invariato. L'avviso di penale completo può essere letto qui

L'indagine dell'ICO - prosegue il comunicato - ha rilevato che tra il 2007 e il 2014, Facebook ha elaborato le informazioni personali degli utenti ingiustamente consentendo agli sviluppatori di applicazioni di accedere alle proprie informazioni senza un consenso sufficientemente chiaro e informato e consentendo l'accesso anche se gli utenti non avevano scaricato l'app, ma erano semplicemente "amici" con persone che avevano. Anche Facebook non è riuscito a proteggere le informazioni personali perché non riusciva a effettuare controlli adeguati su app e sviluppatori che utilizzavano la sua piattaforma. Questi difetti hanno significato che uno sviluppatore, il professore Aleksandr Kogan e la sua società GSR, ha raccolto tramite Facebook le informazioni di oltre 87 milioni di persone in tutto il mondo, a loro insaputa.


Un sottoinsieme di questi dati è stato successivamente condiviso con altre organizzazioni, tra cui SCL Group, la società madre di Cambridge Analytica, coinvolte in campagne politiche negli Stati Uniti. Anche dopo che l'uso improprio dei dati è stato scoperto a dicembre 2015, Facebook non ha fatto abbastanza per garantire che coloro che hanno continuato a detenerlo abbiano preso misure correttive adeguate e tempestive, inclusa la cancellazione. Nel caso di SCL Group, Facebook non ha sospeso la società dalla sua piattaforma fino al 2018. L'ICO ha rilevato che le informazioni personali di almeno un milione di utenti del Regno Unito erano tra i dati raccolti e di conseguenza sono state a rischio di ulteriore abuso. Facebook ha sospeso 200 app dopo lo scandalo Cambridge Analytica che ha avuto un impatto negativo sul social. 

Facebook, che ha può appellarsi al verdetto, sta rivedendo la decisione dell'ICO. "Abbiamo considerato queste violazioni così gravi da imporre la sanzione massima prevista dalla legislazione precedente. La multa sarebbe stata inevitabilmente significativamente più alta sotto il GDPR. Una delle nostre principali motivazioni per intraprendere azioni di contrasto è guidare un cambiamento significativo nel modo in cui le organizzazioni gestiscono i dati personali delle persone", ha dichiarato in una nota il commissario per le informazioni Elizabeth Denham. Il nuovo regolamento generale sulla protezione dei dati dell'Unione europea, comunemente noto come GDPR, prevede multe molto più severe in milioni di dollari e le società possono persino essere imputate fino al 4% delle loro entrate per i reati più gravi. 

"Il nostro lavoro sta continuando. Ci sono ancora domande più grandi da porre e conversazioni più ampie su come la tecnologia e la democrazia interagiscono e se i quadri legali, etici e regolatori che abbiamo in atto sono adeguati a proteggere i principi su cui si basa la nostra società", ha detto Denham. Cambridge Analytica è stata costretta a chiudere i battenti sulla scia della cattiva pubblicità, ma la campagna elettorale di Trump è già in pieno svolgimento per le elezioni del 2020. Oggi è il giorno delle elezioni di metà mandato in Usa e Facebook ha bloccato 30 account della sua piattaforma e 85 su Instagram sospettati di essere coinvolti in un piano coordinato per interferire sulle elezioni Midterm negli Stati Uniti. Lo ha reso noto il social network spiegando che queste attività potrebbero essere legate a entità straniere.




Via: RaiNews24

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